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SSL certificate

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SSL technology (Secure Sockets Layer) as part of the HTTPS protocol protects information exchanged between your site and its visitors. A communication secured this way is conditioned by ownership of SSL certificate. HTTPS protocol utilization is not only to enchance the credibility of your site. In the case that there is exchange of sensitive information on your site (business or payment) and if you care about protection of this data, a secure connection should be a matter of course. SSL certificate enables data encryption on the way between site visitors and server where is site located, and also works as the identifier of the certificate owner.

Procedure for obtaining SSL certificate

Before obtaining SSL certificate you need to create CSR (Certificate Signing Request), which we can generate for you upon request. CSR represents a message send by the applicant to the certification authority. Before such an application is made, the applicant must generate a key pair, private and public, which he kept for himself. CSR must contain public key and also information about the applicant required by the certification authority. The application itself is digitally signed by the user chosen by the private key. In the event of successful processing of CSR, certificate digitally signed by the certification authority with its own private key is sent to the user.
On our server we use SNI (Server Name Indication) that is not functional with Windows XP.

Contact email address listed in the certificate application for domain must contain one of the following prefixes:

  • admin@
  • administrator@
  • hostmaster@
  • webmaster@
  • postmaster@


Domain part of the contact email address of the applicant must be consistent with the domain name. In case of domain domain.com, suitable address is for instance admin@domain.com.

Another important parameter is the range of certificates, hence number of domains to which they relate. Many of certificates are related to only one domain. For instance if while generating CSR you select that certificate is related to www.domain.com, it will not be effective for domain.com nor subdomain.domain.com. Domain, to which is the certificate related, represents in the CSR Common Name and needs to be filled carefully because error probably cause that your certificate will be useless. Another group of certificates are certificates related to unlimited amount of subdomains, so called wildcard certificates. When applying for this certificate, a star needs to be added to the left side of Common Name - for example *.domain.com. Wildcard certificate for domain from our example thus includes www.domain.com, subdomain.domain.com, but also domain.com.

Companies

GeoTrust
geotrust_logo.png
Thawte
thawte_logo.png
RapidSSL
rapidSSL.png
GeoTrust® is the world's second largest digital certificate provider with customers in over 150 countries.

(Source: http://www.geotrust.com/about/ 10/17/2010)
Thawte® was founded in South Africa as the first certificate authority to issue SSL certificates to public entities outside of the United States, quickly accounting for 40% of the global SSL market. In 2000, Thawte was acquired by VeriSign, Inc. and has become a key member of the VeriSign family of trust brands.

(Source: http://www.thawte.com/about/index.html 10/17/2010)
RapidSSL is on a mission to help you secure your domain with SSL as fast as possible. We’ve streamlined and automated every part of the enrollment and authentication processes. RapidSSL.com is owned and operated by GeoTrust, Inc.

(Source: http://www.rapidssl.com/about/index.html 10/17/2010)

 

Certificates in our offer

Prices are listed including VAT, in brackets are listed excluding VAT.

  QuickSSL Premium
(GeoTrust)
SSL123
(Thawte)
RapidSSL Certificate
(RapidSSL)
RapidSSL Wildcard Certificate
(RapidSSL)
Product site: www.geotrust.com www.thawte.com www.rapidssl.com www.rapidssl.com
Encryption: 256-bit 256-bit 256-bit 256-bit
Validation: domains domains domains domains
Amount of domains: 1 1 1 Unlimited subdomains secured
Secured seal: Dynamic with date/time stamp Trusted Site Seal RapidSSL® site seal RapidSSL® site seal
Other:
  • 99+% browser recognition
  • 99+% browser recognition
  • issued within 10 minutes after authorization
  • 99+% browser recognition
  • 99+% browser recognition
  • Unlimited subdomains secured
  • character "*" must be used at the beginning of the Common Name
Price for year 78,00 €
(65,- €)
50,40 €
(42,- €)
30,00 €
(25,- €)
120,- €
(100,- €)


Additional information

The identity of the owner of the certificate is verified by a certification authority, verification can have these levels:
Domain authentication Full organization authentication Extended validation
  • validation of applicant organization's right to use the domain name listed in the certificate
  • organization identity verification
  • domain name verification
  • validation of membership of applicant for the certificate to the organization
  • highest lever of verification
  • requires a confirmation of an agreement signed by management of the organization
  • when visiting site, the address bar turns green, indicating that site is highly secured and customer information remain safe


As mentioned, SSL secures data encryption on the way between the site visitor's browser and server on which is the site stored. Communication between server and browser runs in following steps:

  1. Browser requests server to identify
  2. Server offers to browser copy of his SSL certificate (for secure connection)
  3. Browser verifies offered server and if the server is trusted (sometimes requests for user verification) establishes server connection
  4. Server sends a digitaly validated authorization for a secure connection

Fullfillment of these steps leads to the establishment of an encrypted connection. This connection is secured by public and private key. Data is first encrypted by public key, for the decryption is used private key. The level of encryption depends not only on the used certificate but also on the client's browser or operating system


When selecting certificate, so called secured seal could be also important. Secured seals guarantees the authenticity of certified site for the visitors. In the absence of generally accepted standards, secured seals could have different forms depending on the certification authority. Security seal is primarily a signal to visitors that they can trust your site and thus can become an important tool of online marketing. Below is an example of security seal thawte with time stamp:

thawte_seal.gif

 
Kontaktná mailová adresa uvedená v žiadosti o certifikát pre doménu musí obsahovať pred doménovou časťou jednu z nasledovných predpôn:
admin@
administrator@
hostmaster@
webmaster@
postmaster@

Doménová časť kontaktnej emailovej adresy žiadateľa musí byť zhodná s názvom domény. V prípade domény domena.sk, je vhodnou adresou napríklad admin@domena.sk.